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Ministry of Education.

Contact PB4L

If your query relates to PB4L training opportunities in your region, please email your local Ministry office. You can find contact details here.

For all other queries, further information and guidance on PB4L initiatives, you can contact us at [email protected].

Kaupapa Māori: Te Mana Tikitiki


Māori students are an important focus of the PB4L suite

Māori enjoying education success as Māori means having an education system that provides all Māori students with the opportunity to realise their own unique potential and succeed in their lives as Māori.

In addition to culturally enhancing existing programmes, Positive Behaviour for Learning will contribute to the New Zealand evidence base through supporting and evaluating programmes developed by Māori.

The Ministry has developed cultural enhancement frameworks to be responsive to a range of Māori-specific issues. The frameworks acknowledge and are responsive to the three principles inherent in the Treaty of Waitangi: partnerships, protection & participation.

Te Mana Tikitiki – uses te reo and tikanga to provide a culture-rich medium to nurture mana in students.

What is Te Mana Tikitiki?

Te Mana Tikitiki uses tikanga and te reo Māori to build resilience, self-esteem and confidence to uplift the mana of young Māori learners and improve learning and achievement.

It is a home-grown, evidence based behaviour programme and works in partnership with local iwi, the school, whānau and Ministry personnel. Te Mana Tikitiki was developed by Auckland based iwi, Ngāti Whātua ki Ōrākei.

The programme has been trialled in selected primary schools in Auckland, Wellington and BOP regions and the Ministry is exploring opportunities to trial TMT in selected schools in other iwi/locations.

Evidence shows that the programme:

  • increases self confidence, self-esteem and social skills
  • improves student's attitudes to Māori identity
  • reduces challenging behaviour.

Observed outcomes of the programme include increases in:

  • student engagement
  • positive interactions in school and at home
  • positive communication
  • levels of student connectedness – sharing, taking an interest, connecting with whānau who have a cultural interest
  • physical wellbeing - positive demeanour and appearance, increased energy levels and alertness, positive body language
  • levels of self-awareness – knowing who they are and where they come from
  • levels of motivation and inspiration and drive in the classroom and at home.


Te Mana Tikitiki The Strength of Learning – Part 1


Download video transcript:

The Strength of Learning: Part 1 – Transcript (Word 2007, 18 KB)


Te Mana Tiki The Strength of Learning – Part 2


Download video transcript:

The Strength of Learning: Part 2 – Transcript (Word 2007, 18 KB)


Te Mana Tiki The Strength of Learning – Part 3


Download video transcript:

The Strength of Learning: Part 3 – Transcript (Word 2007, 24 KB)


What is involved?

Te Mana Tikitiki is for Māori students aged 8–12 years, (ideally 8–9 years for early intervention), whose behaviour has been identified as challenging or disruptive. A group of peers (tuakana) is built around the student, who all participate in the Te Mana Tikitiki programme.

It is run on Marae or in schools over one term, with students attending 10 one-hour sessions. During the sessions, they undertake activity-based learning about Māori language and culture.

Based on student’s interest and needs, the school selects three modules from the following:

  • Te reo Māori (Māori language)
  • Taonga puoro (musical instruments)
  • Mau rākau (stick movements)
  • Toi Māori (art)
  • Waiata (song).

Once students have completed the programme they "graduate", which allows whānau and others to recognise the participants and their achievement.

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